We do not intend the plant list to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Most members are aromatic herbs with alternate, featherdivided leaves that are sheathed at the base. In iran, the apiaceae family is represented by 121 genera and 360 species. Sort by click here to return to the plantfiles homepage. Family apiaceae definition of family apiaceae by the free. A characteristic of schizocarps of the apiaceae is the. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria. Comprising 434 genera and about 3,700 species, the carrot family apiaceae is a significant group of flowering plants. Poaceaegrass family named for genus poa crops called cereal crops greek god of agriculture was ceres monocots old family name.
Kabeerdham district in apiaceae plants during 2019. Oenanthe water dropwort, or are useful medicinally. Plant essential oils from apiaceae family as alternatives to conventional insecticides 152 lc 50 value of 40. There are between 2500 and 3000 members of this family, found all over the world, but mainly in the temperate areas and rarely in tropical regions. Species of apiaceae contained within the plant list belong to 347 plant genera. An overview on family apiaceae umbelliferae botany. Stiff, 3forked bracts immediately below the umbrel. Crops and wild species from the apiaceae family perspectives from the nordic region. The majority of the apiales belong either to the araliaceae ginseng family or to the apiaceae carrot family, also known as. This family was formerly called umbellifera and is also known as the parsley family. Thats why parsley, carrot, and dill stems all taste similarthey carry similar aromatic compounds.
This family includes celery apium graveolens, carrot daucus carota fennel foeniculum vulgare, parsley petroselinum crispum, dill anethum graveolens, cilantro coriandrum sativum and cumin cuminum cyminum. This endemic hawaiian species has the umbels compacted into headlike inflorescences. The family is large, with more than 3,700 speciesspread across 434 genera, it is the sixteenth largest family of flowering plants. In india the family is represented by 180 species and 30 genera. There are between 300 to 400 genera from widely distributed areas in the temperate zones of the world the flowers are often found in a flattopped umbel cluster. The order apiales falls into two large groups and one smaller one. Major clades within apiaceae subfamily apioideae as inferred. The carpels each bear 5 or sometimes 9 ridges, usually with 4 oilcanals vittae between the main ridges and 2 more on the inner faces. However, the recent phylogenetic placements of several african endemic genera at the base of apiaceae subfamilies saniculoideae and apioideae have. The plant list includes 12,816 scientific plant names of species rank for the family apiaceae. Pdf crops and wild species from the apiaceae family. It was the first flowering plant family recognized by botanists, about the end of the 16th century, and the first group of plants to be subjected to systematic classification study in 1672 by robert morrison. The apiaceae is one of the major families for culinary herbs and root crops. Made up of three huge maplelike leaflets, 1 2 ft across.
Apiaceae carrot family members of this familar family have alternate leaves, widening at the base into a sheath that clasps the stem. There are about 200 genera and 2900 species in this family. The flowers are often arranged in a conspicuous umbel a. Dill is a member of the apiaceae family, related to the likes of caraway, anise, chervil, coriander, parsley, and carrots. A list of all accepted names in apiaceae is available in csv format. Iran with unique climatic conditions has a large variety of plants, especially some unique endemic plants. Umbelliferae family has a multiple quality, he plants belong to this family are. It is the 16thlargest family of flowering plants, with more than 3,700 species in 434 genera including such wellknown and economically important plants such as ajwain, angelica, anise, asafoetida. Herbs of the family umbelliferae are aromatic plants grown primarily for their use in flavoring of foods, liqueurs, and confectionery. Major clades within apiaceae subfamily apioideae as. Apiaceae, also called umbelliferae, the parsley family, in the order apiales, comprising between 300 and 400 genera of plants distributed throughout a wide variety of habitats, principally in the north temperate regions of the world. Older flower heads darken and form a cuplike birds nest. Distinctly branched, finely subdivided compound bipinnate with deeply separated lobes. Pimenov5 herbs, annual or perennial, rarely woody at base.
The family is large, with more than 3,700 speciesspread across 434 genera, it is the sixteenth largest family of. Apiaceae umbelliferae, by contrast is a very large family indeed, with approximately 300 genera and 2,5003,000 species. May 20, 2011 good morning music vr 360 positive vibrations 528hz the deepest healing boost your vibration duration. The flowers are reportedly perfect or male although these appear to be male or female. For the family apiaceae, iran is a major center of diversification. It is a large family with about 300 genera and more than 3,000 species. It is a large family with about 300 genera and more than 3,000 species the family includes a number of food plants, and a number of. Graminae grains of the total food produced by the worlds top 30 crops based on dry matter, about 23. Plants are mostly annual or perennial herbs with aromatic odour due presence of schizogenous oilducts in root, stem. Family elementary lower intermediate intermediate exercises home.
On the contrary, the eo of eleoselinum asclepium, which is consisted of. Upload a pdf or design from scratch flyers, magazines, books and more. The plant list includes a further 5 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus aciphylla. Watercress nasturtium officinale leaves are edible. Rather, there is a lot of debate among taxonomists which may lead to confusion for the average gardener. It is represented all over the world and is comprised of around 380 genera and almost 3,000 species.
These are primarily included because names of species rank are. It includes 295 genera and 2,850 species according to willis. Although many members of this family have distinctive vegetative and floral features, providing a useful key to identify the many genera in. Major clades within apiaceae subfamily apioideae as inferred by phylogenetic analysis of nrdna its sequences by stephen r. Mar 25, 2012 the umbelliferae family the umbelliferae or apiaceae, commonly known as carrot or parsley family, is a group ofmostly aromatic plants with hollow stems. Most important plant families alexey shipunov minot state university july 16, 20 shipunov biol 592. This listing contains 454 genera, and is divided up into subtaxa. Some wellknown vegetables and herbs are in this family carrot, parsnip, celery, fennel, angelica some are familiar weeds of hedgerows and. This is the complete list of genera belonging to the family apiaceae, as per the germplasm resources information network. That is why, in these family listings, you often see the words about or around when counting the number of genera or species to include. The family is known for the many useful and also culinary herbs that it contains.
Apiaceae umbelliferae san xing ke she menglan sheh menglan1, pu fading pu fating2, pan zehui 1. Pronunciation of apiaceae with 1 audio pronunciation, 5 synonyms, 2 meanings, 5 translations and more for apiaceae. Ethnobotanical knowledge of apiaceae family in iran. Katzdownie and jeanpierre reduron with 1 figure and 2 tables abstract downie, s. The flowers are characteristically borne in umbels, which are usually compound, and have a tiny calyx of 5 teeth, or no calyx.
Pdf full text available find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. From the endemism points of view, apiaceae is an important family in the. White, tiny, starlike with an interesting, sweet smell smells like tortillas to me, in clusters from ballshaped to flat, 6 12 inch umbrels. The carrot family, apiaceae was formerly known as umbelliferae, because their flowers are arranged into a flat umbrellalike head. Family apiaceae definition of family apiaceae by the. Apiaceae plants of the parsley or carrot family previously known as the umbel family. The apiales is a group of about 3500 to 4000 species of asterids, a large subgroup of the flowering plants. There are 5 free petals, which are often notched and sometimes very unequal in size. It is the 16thlargest family of flowering plants, with more than 3,700 species in 434 genera including such wellknown and economically important plants.
Apiaceae, the parsley family, in the order apiales, comprising between 300 and 400 genera of plants distributed throughout a wide variety of habitats, principally. It includes cumin, parsley, carrot, coriandercilantro, dill, caraway, fennel, parsnip, celery, anise, queen annes lace and other relatives. Some part of the plant will usually have a strong aroma of some sort these aromas and flavors, in some instances of carrot, parsley, coriander, parsnip, celery, fennel, dill. The plant list includes 54 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus aciphylla. The apiaceae or umbelliferae is a family of usually aromatic plants with hollow stems, commonly known as umbellifers. The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Papaveraceae is renowned worldwide for its beautiful and useful plants the family is mainly in the northern hemisphere with numerous species in eastern asia as well as western north america, including california the family is noted for its alkaloids and opiates, which are widely used in medicine as well as misused as narcotics. Leaves simple, opposite or occasionally whorled, very rarely alternate, usually without obvious stipules, margin nearly always entire. Apiaceae definition of apiaceae by the free dictionary. Introduction to the apiales university of california. Seeds the seed capsule in this family is behind the petals inferior. Six plant families of economic importance david bogler. Umbelliferae the parsley family includes some wonderful edible plants like the carrot and parsnip, plus more aromatic spices found in your spice cabinet, such as anise, celery, chervil, coriander, caraway, cumin, dill, fennel and of course, parsley. Apiaceae celery family colorado native plant master.
List of plants from apiaceae umbelliferae family total 4 plants from apiaceae umbelliferae. Apiaceae or umbelliferae is a family of mostly aromatic flowering plants named after the type genus apium and commonly known as the celery, carrot or parsley. Its members are often aromatic and are characterized by hollow stems, taproots, and flattopped flower clusters known as umbels. Bennett encyclopedia of life support systemseolss condiments including mustard brassica nigra and sinapis alba, horseradish armoracia rusticana, and wasabi eutrema wasabi. If you know the family, you know characters of hundreds and thousand of genera and species, you may even predict them. Unesco eolss sample chapters economic botany twentyfive economically important plant families b.
The calyx lobes are more prominent than seen in many members of the family. The apiaceae or umbelliferae, commonly known as the celery, carrot or parsley family, are a family of mostly aromatic plants with hollow stems. The plants are distributed almost throughout the world except the arctic regions. Createspace independent publishing platform april 14, 20 language. Also, there is no one, single universal classification system for plants. Douglas stevens3 herbs, shrubs, or rarely treelike, with milky or, less often, clear latex. Apiaceae or umbelliferae is a family of mostly aromatic flowering plants named after the type genus apium and commonly known as the celery, carrot or parsley family, or simply as umbellifers. The below mentioned article provides an overview on family apiaceae. Recently, the international panel of botanists who rule on these things decided that all plant families ought to have the same ending aceae, and be named after a plant typical of the family, so the family is now called apiaceae after the type plant, apium celery.1143 1351 1172 713 1194 1440 928 501 3 1526 1145 1574 109 366 628 1239 178 1026 757 1460 1358 230 1104 525 661 774 317 518 194 458 936 811 217 426 1390